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Treatment for ovarian cancer

There are many different types of treatment for ovarian cancer. Your treatment will depend on you and your cancer.


Treatment for ovarian cancer will depend on the stage of the cancer, your medical history and your individual treatment preferences.

Types of treatment

Surgery

Surgery is often the first stage in treatment for ovarian cancer, and enables a biopsy to be taken to determine the type of cancer and future treatment options.

Depending on the stage of the cancer there are two types of surgery:

  • For early ovarian cancer keyhole surgery called laparoscopy may be used, which involves small incisions in the abdomen to insert a tube with a camera on it, which can allow for surgical removal of tissue. 1
  • For more advanced cancer a laparotomy may be required, which involves an incision from the pubic bone to the belly button to remove affected tissue and organs. 1

 

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy are drugs given to destroy cancer cells, however they can also attack healthy cells also, resulting in side-effects such as nausea, vomiting, fatigue and hair loss.

  • Chemotherapy can be given in a number of ways such as orally (ie pills) or via an injection. Treatment is often given a number of times over a set period of time.2

 

Hormone therapy

Hormone therapy uses hormones or drugs to prevent the oestrogen hormone from assisting in the growth of cancer cells in the ovarian tissue. This type of therapy is mainly used in stromal tumours.1

  • There are two types of hormone therapies; one that stops production of hormones that encourage cancer cell growth, and the other impacts on how the hormones interact in the body.3

 

Targeted therapy

Targeted therapy is a specialised form of therapy that targets only cancer cells, leaving healthy cells intact. There are a couple of medications that are used to treat ovarian cancer cells, which aim to inhibit (stop) cancer cells from repairing themselves when they get damaged.1

Ovarian cancer research at Icon

Our research centre at Icon offers Australia the largest private clinical trials program in cancer research. Clinical trials specific to ovarian cancer research can be found here.

Icon’s collaborative approach to clinical trial research not only enables continual advancement and breakthroughs in ovarian cancer research, but also enables the most up to date treatment options are available to all patients regardless of health insuranc

References

For a full list of references, click here.
  1. Cancer Australia, Australian Government. (2017). Treatment options. Retrieved on 28th March 2019 from https://ovarian-cancer.canceraustralia.gov.au/treatment
  2. Cancer Australia, Australian Government. (n.d). Chemotherapy. Retrieved on 28th March 2019 from https://canceraustralia.gov.au/affected-cancer/treatment/chemotherapy
  3. Cancer Australia, Australian Government. (n.d). Hormonal Therapy. Retrieved on 28th March 2019 from https://canceraustralia.gov.au/affected-cancer/treatment/hormone-therapy

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