Skin cancer is caused by damage to the skin, usually from too much ultraviolet radiation from the sun. 1 In Australia, Melanoma skin cancer accounts for the third most common type of cancer diagnosed.5 Australia, as well as New Zealand, have the highest rates of melanoma in the world.5
By the time you reach 85 years, you have a 1 in 13 chance of developing melanoma if you are male, and 1 in 22 if you are female.5
There are three major types of skin cancer: 1
- Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)
- Basal cell carcinoma (BCC)
Squamous cell carcinoma and Basal cell carcinoma are both non-melanoma skin cancers. Melanoma is the most serious of skin cancers. 1 Merkel cell carcinoma is another rare type of skin cancer.