Uterine cancer refers to cancer that develops within the uterus. The uterus is part of the female reproductive system and is made up of two layers: the outer layer of muscle tissue known as the myometrium, and the inner layer or lining which is called the endometrium.
The two main types of uterine cancer include:
- Endometrial cancer – cancer that develops in the lining of the uterus (endometrium). This is the most common type of uterine cancer
- Uterine sarcoma – cancer that develops in the muscle tissue (myometrium). This accounts for 2-4% of all uterine cancer diagnoses
Uterine cancer is the most diagnosed gynaecological cancer in Australia and the fifth most common cancer in Australian women, with 2 743 women diagnosed with uterine cancer in 2016.